Breast cancer case study essay

Breast cancer case study essay

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Submit Search. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Case study breast cancer. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Nilesh KuchaRadiation onclology at bhagwan mahaveer cancer hospital and research centre Follow.

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Breast cancer case study nursing

Show More. Trivedi Shab. Prasant Degree without dissertation. Kansigo EmilyStudent at University breast cancer case study nursing Dodoma. If they have, they should be asked at what age did the breast cancer first present not what age when they died of any cause. All the people with breast cancer in the family should be noted. Ask how many women there are in the family to get an idea of the frequency of any breast cancer.

Working out the risk of breast cancer from a family history is very complicated. The more cases of breast cancer there are in the family and the younger the women were at the time of diagnosis, the higher the risk to other family members. If there are women in the family who develop breast cancer at a very young age less than 40 the risk is further increased.

A family history of breast cancer on the side of either the mother or father is an important risk factor. There are several other cancers that may also be a risk factor for breast cancer. The important ones are ovarian cancer and prostate cancer. Although a woman may present with a breast complaint she may have other important medical problems.

These may or may not be related to the breast complaint but still need to be managed. It is important to ask what the main complaint is and whether one or both breasts are affected. If one, which breast is affected? Unfortunately there are no presenting complaints that reliably indicate that the patient has breast cancer.

In addition there are many non-cancerous breast problems that can give the same symptoms as breast cancer. While the history can strongly suggest that the patient has breast cancer, the diagnosis cannot be made on the history alone.

The important questions to be asked depend on the main complaint. This additional information is very helpful in identifying the cause of the complaint. With thickening an area of the breast tissue feels more dense firmer than the surrounding tissue:. If the patient is comfortable, she should undress down to her waist and put on a gown. The examination must be done somewhere private and well lit.

Always explain what you are going to do. Most women will be comfortable sitting undressed down to the waist. However, some teenagers may be uncomfortable and women who have large tumours may be very reluctant to evolve breast cancer case study you their breasts particularly if the tumour is fungating ulcerated and often smells offensive.

The examination consists of both looking inspection and feeling palpating.

Pancreatic Cancer Case Study Essay -- Case Study

Wherever possible, the examination should be done in a standardised step-by-step manner. Once you have done a breast examination a few times, it will become quite quick. Sit the patient down on the examining couch and look at her breasts with her arms relaxed.

Look for breast asymmetry, nipple inversion, skin changes and redness. Ask the patient to raise her arms above the head. Look for any skin puckering. Ask the patient to point out where the problem is. Look specifically in that area to see if there is any change in the skin while she is moving her arm.

This will help identify if a lump is attached to the skin. Ask the patient to put her hands on her hips and squeeze. Look and see if the area over the lump changes. This will show whether a lump is attached tethered to underlying muscle.

The breasts should be examined from the front with the patient sitting and relaxed, then with the arms raised and finally with the hands pressing on the hips.

American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer: Update of early detection guidelines for prostate, colorectal, and endometrial cancers. Also: Update testing for early lung cancer detection. CA Cancer J Clin. Muslim breast cancer survivor spirituality: Coping strategy or health seeking behavior hindrance? Health Care Women Int. Saedi J. Brunner and suddarth text book of native son thesis surgical nursing.

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Breast Cancer Res Treat. Depression and anxiety in Slovenian female cancer patients. Psychiatr Danub. Nursing education as an intervention to decrease fatigue perception in oncology patients. Eur J Oncol Nurs. Perspectives on cancer patient education.

Semin Oncol Nurs. Easton KL. Gerontological rehabilitation nursing. B Saunders Company; Evaluation of a 'supportive educative intervention' on self-care inpatients with bronchial asthma.

Nurs Midwifery Res J. Iran J Nurs. The effect of education in managing side effects in women receiving chemotherapy for treatment of breast cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. Iran J Crit Care Nurs. Shahrekord Univ Med Sci J. Julian LJ. Arthrit Care Res. The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale. An updated breast cancer case study nursing review. J Psychosom Res. A clinical randomized controlled trial of music therapy and progressive muscle relaxation training in female breast cancer patients after radical mastectomy: Results on depression, anxiety and length of hospital stay.

Twitter social media is an effective tool for breast cancer patient education and support: Patient-reported outcomes by survey. J Med Internet Res. Hu Li Za Zhi. The efficacy of mindfulness based stress reduction MBSR for decreasing anxiety and depression among breast cancer survivors. School of Physician Assistant Studies; Benefit finding trajectories in cancer patients receiving psychological care: Predictors and relations to depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Br J Health Psychol. Sloman R. Relaxation and imagery for anxiety and depression control in community patients with advanced cancer. J Holist Nurs Midwifery.It can be fatal, and while two thirds of the cases occur among mature women, it also strikes younger females and about nine thousand males each evolve breast cancer case study. The fear generated by breast cancer is intensified by the somewhat shocking reality that breast cancer has actually increased over the last fifty years.

Ina woman had a one-in-twenty chance of developing the disease, while today one out of every eight women will get breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute, every three minutes somewhere a woman is diagnosed with it. Yet despite all of the media attention about breast cancermost people don't know very much about the illness. Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by cells that change and divide abnormally.

Evolve breast cancer case study

If rapid cell division occurs when the body doesn't need new cells, an abundance of tissue is produced. This mass of tissue, known as a tumor, may be either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are breast cancer case study nursing cancerous and may even be completely harmless. Most of the time these can be surgically removed and do not grow back. The cells of benign tumors don't spread to other parts of the body and do not threaten your life.

Malignant tumors, on the other hand, are cancerous. These tumors can enter and damage The purpose of this study is to evaluate the coloration between ABO blood groups and the prognosis of breast cancer and the subjects for this controlled study was in Arak city, Arak, Iran. One hundred and thirty four patients with breast cancer were included in the study and their blood types were taken from their medical record.

Breast cancer case study essay

Analysis show that tumors come in different sizes. Breast cancer is defined as the most frequent malignant tumor, accounting for 30 percent of all malignancies and the second cause of mortality due to evolve breast cancer case study among females.

The mortality of this cancer mostly occurs in the peak of familial, social and economic activities in 35 - 45 years of age. The incidence of breast cancer 1 per 7 women. However, there are couple of factors that play a role in the incidence genetics, hormones, lactation, late menopause, diet, radiation, alcohol consumption, and exogenous estrogen intake. Many cancers are sensitive to the hormone estrogen causing it to grow and become more aggressive, cancers sensitive to these hormones have an estrogen receptor on the surface of their cell.

More aggressive cancer symptoms include bone pain, breast pain, skin ulcers, swelling of one arm and weight loss. Breast Cancer in Women In this essay I will be discussing breast cancera very serious issue that affects thousands of women each year.

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women and is the second leading cause of death in women ages 35 to In females more than 35 old ages old we do mammography. The pathological appraisal is done 1st by all right needle aspiration cytology FNACif there is a cyst it will be cured but if the fluid withdrawn is bloody or a ball is persist it must be removed.

If the cytology is unequal or unhelpful so we do core biopsy. Tumor of any size with extension to the chest wall, Peau dA? Phase IV T, N, M1 : There is distant metastasis in the liver, lungs, castanetss or tangible supra-clavicular or contra-lateral alar lymph nodes. Wikipedia said that the forecast of chest malignant neoplastic disease depends on many factors at the same clip.

As in females, it tends to show as a ball. There are different types for intervention of chest malignant neoplastic disease.

Essay on Breast Cancer Case Study

The surgical intervention includes:. There are 3 signifiers:. The hurt of nervus to serratus anterior should be avoided which will take to flying of shoulder blade. A french resume drain is left at the terminal.

But if sentinel node is positive for metastases the alar lymph nodes dissection is done lymph nodes is removed. In early instances instantly is done but in advanced instances is delayed for 6 month after completion of accessory therapy. The radiation therapy is ever done after conservative surgery to diminish the hazard of local return.

After mastectomy, it is merely done in the undermentioned conditions:. The guidelines for systemic intervention are:. A- Adjuvant hormone therapy indicated in patients who are positive for estrogen receptor with or without progesterone receptor:. However, men can also fall victim breast cancer case study nursing the disease.

Inaboutnew cases of breast cancer will be diagnosed in women and approximately 40, women will die from this disease Cancer. This is applied in a case where the exposure is in a common population. For instance passive smoking and lung cancer Risk Ratio: 1. Consistency: Repeated observation of an association in a different population under different circumstances showing the same results suggests that the results of a single study are not due to breast cancer case study essay.

Criticism: This should be applied cautiously to avoid chances. Discussion In the present study, we found that rate of pCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was This result matched with the finding of several studies that reported that high Ki expression was associated with higher response rates to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer Keam et al.

Similarly, Liu et al. Similarly, Bidard et al. Rocca and colleagues conducted a retrospective analysis of core biopsies of patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in breast cancer and showed that administration of cisplatin without anthracyclines yielded a higher rate of pCR in patients with ppositive tumors Rocca et al.

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