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sunset in marlothMarloth Park is a unique holiday town cum nature conservancy, where man and animal share the same domain. That is why many rules apply in this nature conservancy. It is a holiday town situated in the natural bushveld of the Mpumalanga Lowveld, adjacent to the famous Kruger National Park. Nestled in a bend of the Crocodile River, which forms the southern boundary of Kruger, the town recently achieved the status of a nature conservancy registered with the Parks Board of Mpumalanga.

The town shares most of the plant, animal and bird species found in the southern part of the Kruger Park, save for certain dangerous species (for example the Big Five, although they can be viewed across the river from inside the town). More than 40 percent of the available land area within the town is devoted to parkland where no building activity is permitted. This further enhances the opportunity to view animals and birds in their natural state.

It is less than 20 km from the Crocodile Bridge entrance to the Kruger National Park and game drives can be undertaken at a very economical rate thanks to the so-called Wild Card. In marloth there are a number of activity providers who take visitors on an open vehicle safari into the Kruger National Park. The town has the added attraction of being only one hours drive from the beautiful tropical and sub-tropical Mozambique coastal resorts as well as one 45 minutes drive to Swaziland.


Located in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa, about 20 km northwest of Komatipoort, between latitudes 25°15´ and 25° 30´ south and longitudes 31° 45´ and 31° 60´ east (grid reference 2532 AC). The property is situated in a horseshoe bend formed by the Crocodile River that forms a natural boundary with the Kruger National Park. Centre to this development is the Lionspruit Game Reserve, a natural area wedged in the development zone. The reserve fence acts as inner periphery for the southern, western and eastern boundaries. Olifants Drive, with a tarred surface, traverse the property giving access from Hectorspruit and Komatipoort, respectively. Access through Marloth Park is not restricted or controlled.

Property owners association, together with the Honorary Rangers manage Marloth Park to be as close as possible to a nature reserve, with human impact reduced to a minimum. They work with the Marlothi Conservancy,  Mpumalanga Parks Board and Nkomazi Municipality towards obtaining higher conservation's status for Marloth Park and a scientific approach in mananging the fauna and flora in the park.


Marloth Park resembles a horseshoe formation, nestled in a bend of the Crocodile River that acts as a buffer zone around the central Lionspruit Game Reserve.

Marloth Park consists of a development zone and a conservation zone; where the development zone of 1099 ha, consists of 6.9 ha utilised as municipal areas, 48 ha as road surfaces and 132 ha as road reserves. The remaining portion has been divided into approximately 4500 plots for residential development.

The residential development portion currently has a development footprint of 28 ha, and landscaped gardens that constitute 289 ha. The conservation zone consist of the remaining 528 ha, remnants of the natural vegetation that is scattered throughout the area.

Text reproduced with permission from Marloth Park Property Owners Association Website


Vegetation analysis identified five distinct plant communities, with sub-communities and variations that correspond to the initial vegetation analysis conducted on Lionspruit Game Reserve. The classification of the two additional plant communities is based on geological influence on the Spirostachys africana – Balanites maughamii Low bushland, and historic land-use practice on the Dichrostachys cinerea – Tragus berteronianus Low bushland.

The veld condition in all plant communities is moderate to good, with exception of the Dichrostachys cinerea – Tragus berteronianus Low bushland community that is considered poor. The tree densities of the various plant communities are generally within acceptable range with an average of 1500 trees per hectare. However, the tree density in the Dichrostachys cinerea – Tragus berteronianus Low bushland community again exceeds the recommended threshold of 1700 trees per hectare.

In this plant community, it is apparent from the woody vegetation analysis that tree density is not the limiting factor in available leaf biomass production, but rather tree height. As much of the woody vegetation is mature sickle bush Dichrostachys cinerea it can only be deduced that the leaf biomass produced are now out of reach of the browsing animal species. The herbaceous biomass production follows the same trend, indicating that the Dichrostachys cinerea – Tragus berteronianus Low bushland community cannot sustain a fire.

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